Architect provides two optional middleware helpers for cutting down on boilerplate HTTP operations.

Both middleware helpers conveniently attach user sessions to incoming request object (if applicable), and decode and parse the request body (again, if applicable).

Use whatever feels right for your project and team needs!

  • arc.http is a classic continuation-passing style middleware API
    • Functions similarly to Express, and supported since the earliest versions of Architect
  • arc.http.async is an async/await style middleware API

Basic Usage

let arc = require('@architect/functions')

function route(req, res) {
  let html = '<h1>hello world</h1>'

exports.handler = arc.http(route)

arc.http registers one, or more, functions with the signature (req, res, next)=>.

req has the following keys:

  • body any application/x-www-form-urlencoded form variables as a plain Object
  • path absolute path of the request
  • method one of GET, POST, PATCH, PUT and DELETE
  • params any URL params defined
  • query any query params defined
  • headers a plain Object of request headers
  • session a plain Object representing the current session

res is a function that accepts named parameters:

  • Required: One of
    • json
    • html
    • text
    • css
    • js
    • xml
    • location
  • Optionally: session to assign to the current session
  • Optionally: status or code of:
    • 201 Created
    • 202 Accepted
    • 204 No Content
    • 400 Bad Request
    • 403 Forbidden
    • 404 Not Found
    • 406 Not Acceptable
    • 409 Conflict
    • 415 Unsupported Media Type
    • 500 Internal Serverless Error

The default HTTP status code is 200. A 302 is sent automatically when redirecting via location.

  • HTTP POST routes can only call res with location key and value of the path to redirect to.
  • session can also optionally be set

In the following example we define validate middleware:

var arc = require('@architect/functions')
var sendEmail = require('./_send-email')

function validate(req, res, next) {
  var isValid = typeof != 'undefined'
  if (isValid) {
  else {
      session: {
        errors: ['email missing']
      location: '/contact'

function handler(req, res) {
  function _email(err) {
      location: `/contact?success=${err? 'yep' : 'ruhroh'}`

exports.handler = arc.http(validate, handler)

Things to understand:

  • arc.http accepts one or more functions that follow Express-style middleware signature: (req, res, next)=>
  • req is a plain JavaScript Object with path, method, query, params, body keys
  • res is a function that must be invoked with named params:
    • location with a URL value (a string starting w /)
    • session (optional) a plain Object
  • res can also be invoked with an Error
    • optionally the Error instance property of code, status or statusCode can be one of 403, 404 or 500 to change the HTTP status code
  • next (optional) is a function to continue middleware execution

Here's an example using session and location. First we render a form:

// src/html/get-index
var arc = require('@architect/functions')

var form = `
<form action=/count method=post>

function handler(req, res) {
  var count = req.session.count || 0
    html: `<h1>${count}</h1><section>${form}</section>`

exports.handler = arc.http(handler)

The form handler increments req.session.count and redirects back home.

// src/html/post-count
var arc = require('@architect/functions')

function handler(req, res) {
  var count = (req.session.count || 0) + 1
    session: {count},
    location: '/'

exports.handler = arc.http(handler)